Jun 05

“First Reformed”: Body/Mind/Soul Collisions

A 98% on Rotten Tomatoes, Paul Schrader‘s First Reformed stars Ethan Hawke, playing a former chaplain named Toller, who’s grieving the death of his son. An encounter with a radical environmental activist, Michael, leads to doubts about the meaning of his life. Although Michael is later lost to suicide, his wife (Amanda Seyfriend) and Toller connect.

Alex Arabian, Film Inquiry: “Toller puts on a brave front, but still suffers from his son’s death, so he drinks heavily. However, this is ill-advised, as he suffers from some form of advanced cancer. He decides to write longhand in a diary for a year.”

More about Toller’s character from director Schrader himself: “This guy has a sickness that Kierkegaard called a sickness unto death — a lack of hope, despair, angst. This sickness has manifestations. The cloth of the clergy is one, the diary is another, the alcohol is another, and finally the environment is a manifestation of his soul sickness. So he grafts this cause onto himself — in fact, picks it up as a kind of virus from another person. But if it weren’t the environment, it would be something else.”

About Toller’s emerging “environmentalist obsessions” Greg Cwik (Slant) notes, “It’s as if the dead man has been reborn within Toller, as if Toller has found a new, invigorated faith, a fervid and politicized one. Suicide is, for strict Augustine Christians, a sin, unforgivable as the dead cannot confess, unless one is labeled a martyr, like Samson. Yet Toller begins to see in death the possibility for new life.”

See the trailer below:

Selected Reviews

Eric Kohn, Indiewire: “As a priest who may or may not be losing his mind, Hawke provides a compelling anchor for Schrader’s surprisingly effective religious-themed film.”

Justin Chang, NPR: “First Reformed is a stunner, a spiritually probing work of art with the soul of a thriller, realized with a level of formal control and fierce moral anger that we seldom see in American movies.”

Stephanie Zacharek, Time:

Part of the movie’s understated triumph lies in its casting: Hawke is an actor who clearly cares, and worries, a lot–the tree of life is practically etched into his forehead. As the hyperconscientious Toller, he conveys both the selfishness and the true anguish of people who just can’t let go of their own pain. But he also offers a shred of hope in the idea that in the end, caring too much might be just the thing that saves us.

Apr 03

“The Last Word”: A Shallow View of OCPD

The Last Word, starring Shirley MacLaine and Amanda Seyfried, is an enjoyable enough new feature film, though one that will probably be seen by a lot more viewers once it’s available on demand or to rent.

MacLaine’s character Harriet, in her early 80’s, is made out to be the ultimate lifelong control freak—and one peek at the trailer and you can see how amusingly unlikeable she’s been. But it’s a movie after all, and very possibly there will be a bit of redemption before it’s too late:

Themes of loss affect all three of the main female characters in The Last Word—besides Harriet, there’s her obituary-writer-for-hire Ann (Seyfried) and Harriet’s new child protégé Brenda (AnnJewel Lee Dixon). The losses, however, aren’t explored in any depth.

Nor is the psychiatric diagnosis (SPOILER ALERT) that Harriet’s uptight and estranged daughter Elizabeth (Anne Heche), a bright medical professional, informs her they share: Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder, or OCPD.

Some of the traits of OCPD, as offered by IOCDF (International OCD Foundation) follow. Not all these need be present in order for a diagnosis to be made:

  • Rigid adherence to rules and regulations
  • An overwhelming need for order
  • Unwillingness to yield or give responsibilities to others
  • A sense of righteousness about the way things “should be done”
  • Excessive devotion to work that impairs social and family activities
  • Excessive fixation with lists, rules and minor details
  • Perfectionism that interferes with finishing tasks
  • Rigid following of moral and ethical codes
  • Unwillingness to assign tasks unless others perform exactly as asked
  • Lack of generosity; extreme frugality without reason
  • Hoarding behaviors

OCPD, by the way, is not the same as OCD, obsessive-compulsive disorder. As Jenny Turner, The Guardian, stated as “the single most useful fact” she gleaned from David Adam‘s book about OCD, The Man Who Couldn’t Stop (2014):

OCD is completely different from OCPD, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, which is simply to be a person with an unusually low tolerance for mess and imperfection – joke-anal people, like Monica from Friends. The need for order and ritual in the lives of OCPD people is ‘ego-syntonic’, odd and possibly anti-social, but simply part of who they are. In OCD people, on the other hand, the thoughts are ‘harrowing, ego-dystonic’, in endless, exhausting conflict with the person’s other drives and hopes. It’s like having a phobia, but worse, in that you can’t avoid it just by avoiding planes or spiders. The stimulus is internal. You generate it yourself.

In the brief scene in The Last Word in which OCPD is mentioned, we see that Harriet’s daughter Elizabeth has seemingly accepted her own condition and is trying to deal with it. From a clinical point of view not detailed in the film, it would be likely that she either inherited it via her mom’s genes, learned it via being raised by her mom, or both.

Harriet, though, couldn’t care less what Elizabeth has to say about OCPD and is most definitely not going to heed her advice to go see a therapist.

Which is highly plausible because: 1) At Harriet’s age she’s much less likely than younger folks to believe in the importance of such a diagnosis or care enough to address it, 2) Now in retirement, Harriet no longer has to deal with workplace relationships, one of the biggest issues for those with OCPD, and 3) Most people with OCPD, as part of the condition, think the way they are is okay and/or liveable.

In closing, another important point: It would be a faulty assumption to infer that because Harriet is so difficult, so is everyone else with OCPD. Many with OCPD, in actuality, exhibit their traits to a significantly lesser and/or harmful degree than Harriet.